In biology and medicine, a differentiation is made between disinfection and sterilisation. unterschieden. Disinfection is understood to mean the reduction of disease-causing germs by several orders of magnitude, so that the risk of infection can be largely excluded. Disinfection is usually achieved via germicidal liquids. Sterilisation is intended to completely kill and remove all biological germs, bacteria, viruses and bioactive molecules on the treated surface. Generally, complete sterilisation can be achieved by heat or plasma treatment. ist es generell möglich, eine vollständige Sterilisation zu erreichen.